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Usage of data in health care quality

ملتقى الجودة وسلامة المرضى
موضوع مغلق
  #1  
قديم 03-26-2011, 03:50 PM
صحي نشط
 



تحسين الآداء will become famous soon enough


oAIM ANDLEARNING OBJECTIVES

oTo understand data concept and to assess data sources
1.Be able to explain fundamental aims of health services
2.Be able to define data
3.Be able to define information
4.Be able to explain data-information cycle
5.Be able to rank the aims of collecting data
6.Be able to count the features of the data that should have
7.Be able to define the measurement of data and able to give examples
8.Be able to explain the Usage area of data
9.Be able to rank the sources of data errors
10.Be able to explain how to prevent from data errors


Issues
oHealth is a fundamental human right

oNational Governments all over the World are
striving to expand and improve
their health care services.



Current Criticism of Health Care Services
(Provided by the Governments)

oPredominantly urban oriented

oMostly curative in nature

oLimited Access

oWhat is Health Care
oIt is more than Medical Care

oIt embraces a multitude of services provided to
individuals and families by health professionals to promote,
monitor and uphold the status of their health.

oMedical care is a subset of health care.

Levels of Health Care

oPrimary Health Care

oSecondary Health Care

oTertiary Health Care


Health Care Delivery - Changing Concepts
oComprehensive Health Care
oBasic Health Services
oPrimary Health Care
oHealth Care System Development

Comprehensive Health Care
oProvision of preventive, curative and promotional health services from “womb to tomb” to every individual residing in a defined geographic area.

o
Fundamental aim of health services
Presenting primary health care which
consists,
nImproving/Promotional
nPreventive
nCurative health services.

Basic Health Services
oCoined jointly by WHO/Unicef in 1975

oIt is a network of coordinated, peripheral and intermediate health units capable of performing effectively a selected group of functions essential to the health of an area and assuring the availability of competent professionals and auxiliary personnel to perform these functions.

oWhat is data?
oScience defines data as unprocessed information

oData refers to a collection of organized information, usually the results of experience, observation or experiment, or a set of premises. This may consist of numbers, words, or images, particularly as measurements or observations of a set of variables

oWhat is information?
oInformation is data that have been organized and communicated in a coherent and a meaningful manner.
oData is converted into information and information is converted into knowledge
oKnowledge; information evaluated, and organized so that it can be used purposefully

oWhat is Information?
“(OMB Circular A-130) Any communication or representation of knowledge, such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, or audiovisual forms.”
Source:
oAmerican Forces Information Service/U.S. Department of Defense dodimagery.afis.osd.mil/dodimagery/html/definitions.html

oWhat is Health Information?
“Information in any form (oral, written or otherwise) that relates to the past, present or future physical or mental health of an individual. That information could be created or received by a health care provider, a health plan, a public health authority, an employer, a life insurer, a school or university or a health care clearinghouse.”

Source:
oPartners Human Research Committee (PHRC) healthcare.partners.org/phsirb/hipaaglos.htm


5W1H of collecting data

What will collect
Why will collect
When will collect
Where will collect
Who will collect
How will collect

oWhether you are conducting routine surveillance,
investigating an outbreak, or conducting a study,
you must first compile information
in an organized manner

oAims of collecting data
oTo collect standardized, planned and impartial information
oTo store information for future usage
oTo make policy with the help of this collected data

Features of the data
§Basic
§Regular
§Complete
§Faultless
§Uninterrupted
§Relevance
§Up to date

oMeasurement of data
oVariables can be classified into one of four types,
depending on the type of scale used to
characterize their values

1.Continous data (Quantitative)
2.Categorical data (Qualitative)


Usage area of data
nService planning
nInvestigating community transition
nDiagnostic and curative processes
nPreventive services
nDe******ion of biologic, morphologic and physiologic features
nScientific studies
nService indicator

oSources of data errors
oErrors from person who provides data
oErrors from data collecting forms
oErrors from person who collects data

oHow to prevent from data errors
oPreliminary study of data forms
oEducation, training of person who will collect data
oControlling data during implementation

شارك
مشاركة في فيسبوك مشاركة في تويترمشاركة في قوقل بلص


من مواضيعي : تحسين الآداء
موضوع مغلق

مواقع النشر (المفضلة)


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